Record number 05/2108
Author Dayes, Edward, 1763 - 1804
TitleThe Works Of The Late Edward Dayes: Containing An Excursion through the Principal Parts Of Derbyshire and Yorkshire, With Illustrative Notes By E.W. Brayley; Essays On Painting; Instructions For Drawing and Coloring Landscape; And Professional Sketches Of Modern Artists.
ImprintLondon:: Printed by T. Maiden, Sherbourn-Lane, Lombard-Street. Published By Mrs. Dayes, 42, Devonshire-Street, Queen-Square; White, Fleet-Street; Vernor And Hood, Poultry; Longman, Hurst, Rees, And Orme, Paternoster-Row; W.J. And J. Richardson, Royal Exchange; Asperne, Cornhill; Stockdale, Piccadilly; Carpenter, Old Bond-Street; And E.W. Brayley, Wilderness-Row., 1805.
Physical Description[16], 359, [1] p., frontis. (port.), add. engr. t.-pl., [8], 2, [9] pl.; 262 mm. (Quarto.)
Physical Description NoteThe Royal Academy's copy has 9 extra pl. at end, i.e. variant states of the vignette and the 8 unnumbered pl.
Content Format Note[Frontis., add. engr. t.-pl. with vignette, t.p., dedic.] - List Of Subscribers; Directions for placing the Engravings [lists frontis., eight pl. and two numbered pl.] - Advertisement By The Editor [E.W. Brayley] - An Excursion Through The Principal Parts Of Derbyshire And Yorkshire [with 8 pl.] - Essays On Painting [with 2 numbered pl.] - Instructions For Drawing And Coloring Landscapes - Professional Sketches Of Modern Artists - [Nine extra pl., i.e. variant states of the engr. vignette and of the eight pl. of the Excursion].
Summary NoteAfter studying at the Royal Academy Schools (1780) Dayes exhibited regularly at the Academy from 1786 onwards - chiefly topographic views and figure subjects - but struggled to make a commercial success of his career and in May 1804 committed suicide. This collection was put together by Brayley for the benefit of Dayes's widow (herself a miniaturist, who had exhibited at the Academy between 1797 and 1800).

Dayes's Excursion through Derbyshire and Yorkshire was made in 1803, and his text, although often religious in tone, shows the variability of his moods. In his Essays on painting (first published in the Philosophical magazine for 1801-2) he draws attention to the artist's moral role, emphasises the need for selectivity in the process of landscape-painting and deprecates landscapes of 'effects'. His Instructions show him an innovative teacher, and include a commendation of sketching in colours from nature. His Sketches of artists are brief, and sometimes sharply critical.

The plates almost all relate to Dayes's Excursion in Derbyshire and Yorkshire. All but one are captioned, and they show: [frontis.] self-portrait of 'Mr. Edward Dayes, late Draughtsman to H.R.H. the Duke of York'; [ vignette] 'Roche Abbey Yorkshire'; [1] 'Dove Dale, Derbyshire'; [2] 'Roche Abbey, Yorkshire'; [3] 'Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire'; [4] 'Middleham Castle Yorkshire'; [5] 'Hack-Fall, Yorkshire'; [6] 'Rippon Minster, Yorkshire'; [7] 'Fountains Abbey, Yorkshire'; [8] 'Ouse Bridge, York'; I. 'Examples of grace'; II. [untitled, showing an arm 'Destitute of grace' and arms 'gracefully varied'].

Dayes's self-portrait may be seen at the National Portrait Gallery, London; other paintings at the Victoria and Albert Museum and Tate Gallery, London, the Whitworth Gallery, Manchester, Yale University CBA and elsewhere.
Responsibility NoteThe frontispiece portrait of Dayes is signed as painted by E. Dayes and engraved by W. Hall. The title-plate vignette is signed as painted by E. Dayes and engraved by W. and G. Cooke; and its script is signed as engraved by Girtin. The eight unnumbered plates are signed as painted by E. Dayes and engraved by J.C. Smith [1, 6], W. Angus [2, 5], L.C. Smith [3], S. Noble [4], J. Roffe [7], W. and G. Cooke [8]. The two numbered plates illustrating Dayes's essay on grace are unsigned, but name the source-artists as Parmegiano, Carlo Maratti, M. Angelo and Mortimer.

The extra plates bound in at the end of the Royal Academy's copy vary from those bound into the body of the book and appear to be earlier states. The version of the title-plate vignette is signed as painted by G. Arnald and etched ('A.F. fect.') by W. and G. Cooke. None of the other eight is signed by a draughtsman except the eighth, which is signed, 'Painted by G. Arnald from a sketch by Edd. Dayes 1803'. Only four of the eight are signed by their engravers: [1] as by Joseph C. Smith; [2] and [5] as by 'Angus Aquafortis'; [8] as 'Etched by W. & G Cooke 1805'. Captions are carried only by the version of the vignette ('Roche Abbey York.') and that of the eighth pl. ('Ouse Bridge, York'); and none carries a publisher's imprint.

The eight plates bound with the text, the frontispiece and added engraved title-plate all carry the publisher's imprint - 'for Mrs. Dayes' (frontis. and pl. [1, 3,5, 6] or 'by Mrs. Dayes' ( vignette and pl. [2, 4, 7, 8]), and all but one [6] carry the date 1805 (or May 25 1805 or June 10 1805). None of the extra plates has the publisher's imprint.

The work is dedicated by E.W. Brayley to the Duchess of York [Frederica Charlotte].
SubjectLandscapes (environments) - Natural landscapes - Rural areas - Monasteries - Great Britain - Derbyshire - Yorkshire - Description and travel - 19th century
Painting - Drawing - Watercolor - Landscapes (representations) - Techniques
Artists - Painters - Watercolorists - Great Britain - History - 18th century - 19th century
Views - Travel sketches - Memoirs - Biography - Travel literature - Manuals - Great Britain - 19th century
Pictorial works - Great Britain - 19th century
Name as Subject Dayes, Edward, 1763 - 1804
ReproductionsA facsimile with new introduction was published in 1971.
ReferencesD.B. Brown, 'Edward Dayes: historical draughtsman', in Old Water-colour Society's Club, 62 (1991), p.9-21. M. Andrews, The search for the picturesque (1989); M. Rosenthal, British landscape painting (1982); Presences of nature: British landscape 1780-1830, ed. L. Hawes [exhibition catalogue] (1982).
Binding Note20th-century red cloth-covered boards; spine lettered 'Works Dayes', 'R.A.' and '1805'.
Variant TitleExcursion through the principal parts of Derbyshire and Yorkshire
Essays on painting
Instructions for drawing and coloring landscape
Professional sketches of modern artists
Contributors Dayes, Edward, 1763 - 1804, source artist
Brayley, Edward Wedlake, 1773 - 1854, editor, publisher
York, Frederica Charlotte, Duchess of, 1767 - 1820, dedicatee
Maiden, Thomas, fl. 1790-1824, printer
Dayes, fl. 1797-1805
White, John, fl. 1785-1816, publisher
Hood, Thomas, before 1784 - 1811, publisher
Richardson, William, 1736? - 1811
Asperne, James, before 1798 - 1822, publisher
Stockdale, John, 1749 - 1814, publisher
Carpenter, James, 1768 - 1852, publisher
Hall, W., fl. ca. 1805?, engraver
Cooke, William Bernard, 1778 - 1855, engraver
Cooke, George, 1781 - 1834, engraver
Girtin, fl. ca. 1805-1816?, script engraver
Smith, Joseph Clarendon, 1778 - 1810, engraver
Angus, William, 1752 - 1821, engraver
Smith, L. C., fl. ca. 1805?, engraver
Noble, Samuel, 1779 - 1853, engraver
Roffe, John, 1769 - 1850, engraver
Arnald, George, A.R.A., 1763 - 1841, source artist
Vernor and Hood (London). publisher
Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme. publisher
William, James and John Richardson (London). publisher
MARC Record view