Record number 05/3190
TitleThe Shield Of Achilles, By John Flaxman, R.A. Dedicated By Permission To The Universities Of Oxford And Cambridge. The Work Is Engraved By Permission Of Messrs. Rundell, Bridge & Co. By A.R. Freebairn.
Imprint(Published London: By Mr. Freebairn, 23, Mornington Place, Hampstead Road. and by E. Gambart Junin & Co. 25 Berners Street, Oxford Street, and 51, Rue Aumaire, Paris. Deposè.), 15th. March, 1846
Physical Description[2] f., 7 pl., in a portfolio; 510×687 mm. (Oblong broadsheet).
Content Format Note[T.p.] - Description Of The Shield Of Achilles [from Homer] - [Plates].
Summary NoteNo publication-date appears on the title leaf, but that of '15th . March, 1846' is given on all seven plates.

This portfolio celebrated one of Flaxman's most famous works - a realisation in Neoclassical terms of the shield of Achilles described in Homer's Iliad. The design had been commissioned from Flaxman by Rundell and Bridge; and between 1810 and 1818 Flaxman provided twenty-four drawings and five models. The finished work, executed in silvergilt in 1821, was bought by King George IV and displayed at his coronation banquet.

Homer describes the shield of Achilles as modelled by Hephaestus from bronze, tin, gold and silver; and as showing the heavens, the earth at war, the earth at peace, and the Ocean surrounding all. Flaxman represents the heavens at the centre (Apollo in his chariot surrounded by the moon and stars), and the other scenes as a continuous narrative (not in separate compartments) - incorporating, in the Homeric order, a wedding procession, a town under siege, ploughing, reaping, the vintage with a boy singing, and shepherds defending their flock from lions. Homer implies the use of different metals and enamels, describing the vintage-scene, for example, as wrought in gold but with the grapes in black, the poles in silver and the ditch in blue; but these prescriptions were not followed by Flaxman and Rundell - from considerations of taste, craftsmanship or expense. Flaxman's design may be compared with that of Nicolas Vleughels, published in Volume V of Pope's translation of the Iliad (1720).

The text, the 'Description Of The Shield Of Achilles', presents Homer's ancient Greek text (from Iliad 18:477-607), followed by translations in English, German and French (by Pope, Voss and Bitaubé respectively).

The plates are captioned, and show parts of Flaxman's design, with a quotation from Pope's Homer. The title-page vignette is a portrait of Flaxman.

The original work remains in the British royal collection. A plaster cast (1827) may be seen at the Royal Academy.
Responsibility NoteAll plates are signed by Flaxman, R.A. and Freebairn. Plates 1-3 and 6 are also signed as printed by McQueen.

Each plate carries the publishers' imprint of Freebairn and E. Gambart Junin & Co. (and the publication-date).

The title-page vignette (portrait of Flaxman) is signed as engraved from the original model by John Flaxman, R.A.
SubjectMythology, Greek - Heroes - Trojan War - Shields (armor)
Greek poetry - Epics - Epic poetry - Greece
Goldwork - Silver - Metal-work - Shields (armor) - Great Britain - London - History - 19th century
Pictorial works - Great Britain - 19th century
Name as Subject Homer, Iliad
Achilles (Greek mythology)
Flaxman, John, R.A., 1755 - 1826
Rundell, Bridge and Rundell
ReferencesJohn Flaxman R.A. [Royal Academy exhibition catalogue] (1979), p.145-7; D. Irwin, John Flaxman (1979), p.194-202.

On Flaxman's influence as illustrator see the bibliographic notes on The Iliad Of Homer Engraved By Thomas Piroli From The Compositions Of John Flaxman ... 1793 and Compositions From The Tragedies of Aeschylus Designed by Iohn Flaxman (1795).
Binding NoteThe two loose leaves of text and seven loose plates are enclosed in a 19th-century portfolio of half black cloth over marbled-papered boards, one board carrying a label printed, 'The Shield Of Achilles, By John Flaxman, R.A. Engraved By Freebairn.'
Contributors Flaxman, John, R.A., 1755 - 1826, source artist
Homer, Iliad
Freebairn, Alfred Robert, 1794 - 1846, engraver, publisher
Gambart, Ernest, 1814 - 1902, publisher
McQueen, William Benjamin, fl. 1817-1846, intaglio printer
University of Oxford. dedicatee
University of Cambridge. dedicatee
Rundell, Bridge and Rundell. source artist
MARC Record view