Record number 06/1253
Author Hodges, William, R.A., 1744 - 1797
TitleTravels In India, During The Years 1780, 1781, 1782, & 1783. By William Hodges, R.A.
ImprintLondon:: Printed For The Author, And Sold By J. Edwards, Pall-Mall., MDCCXCIII.
Physical Descriptionvi, 156, [2] p., [14] pl., [1] fold. map; 295 mm. (Quarto.)
Physical Description NoteDespite the Directions To The Binder, pl. [3] ('to face page 22')and [4]('to face page 24') have been transposed; pl. [12] ('to face page 114') has been bound in facing p. 117; pl. [13]('to face page 128') has been bound in facing p.124.
Content Format Note[T.p.] - Preface - [Text, with pl.] - [Fold. map] - Table of the Plates, With Directions To The Binder - [Publisher's advertisement].
Summary NoteThe plates are captioned and show:

[1] 'A View of the Great Pagoda at Tanjore';

[2] 'A View of Calcutta, taken from Fort William';

[3] 'The Pass of Sicri Gully from Bengal entering into the Province of Bahar';

[4] 'A View of the Inside of a Zananah';

[5] 'Banyan Tree';

[6] 'Mahommedan Women attending the Tombs of their Parents, Relatives, or Friends, at Night';

[7] 'A Peasant Woman of Hindostan; A Sepoy Matchlock Man ...';

[8] 'A Column taken from the Temple of Vis Visha at Benares';

[9] 'Procession of a Hindoo Woman to the Funeral Pile of her Husband';

[10] 'A View of Bidjegur';

[11] 'A View of the Palace of the Nabob Asoph ul Dowlah at Lucknow';

[12] 'A View of Agra taken from the South West';

[13] 'A Woman of Hindostan; Mullah ...';

[14] 'A View of the Fort of Gwalior'.

The map is captioned, 'A Map Of Part Of Bengal And Bahar with the Provinces of Benares, Allahabad, Oude And Agra.'

A pupil of William Shipley and Richard Wilson, Hodges had travelled to the South Pacific with Captain Cook (1772-5) before visiting India (1779-83), where he enjoyed the patronage and friendship of Warren Hastings. From 1785 to 1788 he exhibited at the Royal Academy twenty-two views of India. (He became an Associate of the Academy in 1786 and a full Member in 1787.) Some of his exhibits may be distinguished in J.H. Ramberg's painting, 'The Exhibition of the Royal Academy 1787'. While publishing his Select Views (1785-8), or shortly afterwards, he issued a short Dissertation On The Prototypes Of Architecture, Hindoo, Moorish, and Gothic (dedication dated 1787); which was followed in 1793 with the present Travels. A German version of the Select Views was published in 1789; a second edition of the Travels appeared in 1794, and a French translation in 1805.

In his art and his writings Hodges shows himself deeply appreciative of non-European civilisations and landscapes. For his fresh approach he has been likened to Thomas Jones (also a pupil of Wilson), and seen as a forerunner of nineteenth-century plein-air and naturalist artists. The Royal Academy has one of Hodges's paintings in its collection, his diploma work, 'View of part of the city of Benares on the river Ganges' (1787).
Responsibility NotePlate [7] is signed as drawn by W. Hodges and engraved by P.W. Tomkins. The other plates are captioned - pl. [3] as after an Indian painting, and engraved by W. Skelton, the rest as painted or drawn by W. Hodges and engraved by T. Medland, W. Byrne, W.Angus, W. Skelton, B.T. Pouncy, Jas. Fittler or J. Walker. The folding map is signed as engraved by J. Cary.

Each plate, apart from the folding map, carries the publisher's imprint of J. Edwards, Pall Mall, and the date (Jany. 1st. 1793).
SubjectPainters, British - British - Architecture - Painting, European - Painting, British - Landscape painting, British - India in Art - India - Bengal - Bihar - Uttar Pradesh - Tamil Nadu - History - 18th century - Description and travel
Views - Travel literature - Travel sketches - Great Britain - 18th century
Pictorial works - Aquatints - Great Britain - 18th century
Name as Subject Hodges, William, R.A., 1744 - 1797
ReproductionsAn electronic reproduction was published in 2003 (Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale|). A microfilm copy was published in 1999 (Woodbridge, Conn.: Primary Source Media).
ReferencesESTC T87144
William Hodges 1744-1797: the art of exploration, ed. G. Quilley [exhibition catalogue] (2004).
G.H.R. Tillotson, The artificial empire: the Indian landscapes of William Hodges (2000).
I.C. Stuebe, The life and works of William Hodges, 2 v. (1979).
W. Hodges, Select Views In India (1785-8).
More general surveys were: P. Rohatgi, ed., Under the Indian sun: British landscape artists (1995).
India observed: India as viewed by British artists 1760-1860 [exhibition catalogue] (1982).
Binding Note18th-century mottled calf; rebacked in 1993, red morocco spine-label lettered 'Hodges - Travels In India'.
Contributors Edwards, James, 1756 - 1816, publisher
Hodges, William, R.A., 1744 - 1797, source artist, publisher
Medland, Thomas, ca. 1765 - 1833, engraver
Byrne, William, 1743 - 1805, engraver
Angus, William, 1752 - 1821, engraver
Skelton, William, 1763 - 1848, engraver
Pouncy, Benjamin Thomas, ca. 1750 - 1799, engraver
Tomkins, Peltro William, 1759 - 1840, engraver
Fittler, James, A.R.A., 1758 - 1835, engraver
Cary, J., fl. ca. 1793?, engraver
MARC Record view