Record number 06/3438
Author Roy, William, 1726 - 1790
TitleThe Military Antiquities Of The Romans In Britain. By The Late William Roy, F.R.S. F.S.A. Major-General Of His Majesty's Forces, Deputy Quarter-Master General, And Colonel Of The Thirtieth Regiment Of Foot. Published By The Order, And At The Expence Of, The Society Of Antiquaries Of London.
ImprintLondon:: Printed By W. Bulmer And Co. And Sold At The Apartments Of The Society, In Somerset-Place; And By Messrs. White, Robson, Nicol, Leigh And Sotheby, Brown, And Egerton., MDCCXCIII.
Physical Description[10], xvi, 206, [6] p., 51 [i.e. 50] pl. (the leaf numbered as plate 43 is a letter-press table); 535 mm. (Folio.)
Physical Description NotePlate XII is misnumbered as XL. Pl.ates 1-3, 12, 18, 40 are dble.; pl. 35 is dble. and folding.
Content Format Note[T.p., fly-title, note] - Contents - Prefatory Introduction - [Text, in 4 books with 4 divisional title pages] - Appendix [with its own divisional t.p.] - List Of Plates - [Plates] - A List Of The Society Of Antiquaries Of London. April 23, MDCCXCIII.
Summary NoteRoy's book is primarily an account of Roman military earthworks. The text is in four books: 1. General View Of The Military Transactions Of The Romans In Britain; 2. The Original Institution Of The Roman Militia; And Their Ancient System Of Castrametation; 3. General Description Of North Britain, And Of The Temporary Roman Camps Existing There; Also A Commentary On The Campaigns Of Agricola; 4. The Ancient Geography Of North Britain Rectified. These are followed by an Appendix 'Containing Detached Pieces'.

The plates are almost all maps of northern Britain or plans of encampments; but a few show other subjects - 'Sacellum, vulgarly called Arthur's Oon' (pl. 36), 'View of Duntocher Bridge On Grime's Dyke' (37), Roman antiquities (38, 39), 'Plan and Section of a Roman Bath ... at Netherby' (46). Unfortunately Roy's careful work is vitiated by his reliance on an itinerary and map of 'Richard of Cirencester', a forgery made by Charles Bertram; but it remains a valuable record of several sites no longer visible.

Manuscripts relating to this work are held by the British Library and the Society of Antiquaries of London.
Responsibility NoteNo plate is signed by a draughtsman, apart from pl. 37, which is signed as drawn by J. Farington RA. The caption of plate 1 describes it as drawn up by Gmo. Roy. All plates are signed as engraved by Basire, apart from pl.1, which is signed as engraved by J. Cheevers.

Each - apart from pl. 1 - carries the publishers' imprint of the Society of Antiquaries of London; and all carry the publication-date (April 23 1793).
SubjectAntiquities, Roman - Military bases - Military buildings - Military camps - Military engineering - Military installations - Military roads - Military towns - Forts - Fortifications - Earthworks (engineering works) - Romans - Great Britain - Scotland - History - 1st century
Archaeology - Topographic surveys - Surveying - Great Britain - Scotland - 18th century
Military history - Military maps - Maps - Plans - Great Britain - 18th century
Pictorial works - Great Britain - 18th century
Name as Subject Agricola, 0040 - 0093
ReferencesESTC T105077
Royal Institute of British Architects, British Architectural Library ... Early printed books, 5 (2003), no. 4098, p. 2780-1.
National Gallery (Washington), Mark J. Millard Architectural, 2 (1998), no. 71, p.259-60.
J. Evans, A History of the Society of Antiquaries (1956).
J.P. Anderson, The book of British topography (1881, repr. 1976), p.355.
Y. O'Donoghue, William Roy, 1726-1790 (1977).
Binding Note20th-century half calf, 19th-century green cloth-covered boards; black morocco spine-label lettered 'Roy's Military Antiquities Of The Romans In Britain'.
Contributors Bulmer, William, 1757 - 1830, printer
Farington, Joseph, R.A., 1747 - 1821, draughtsman
Basire, James, the elder, 1730 - 1802, engraver
Cheevers, John, fl. 1764 - 1793?, engraver
Society of Antiquaries of London. publisher
W. Bulmer and Company (London). printer
Leigh and Sotheby (London). bookseller
MARC Record view