Record number 03/2344
TitleMedailles Sur Les Principaux Evenements Du Regne De Louis Le Grand, Avec Des Explications Historiques.
ImprintA Paris: De l'Imprimerie Royale., M.DCCII.
Physical Description[8], 289 f., frontis.: illus.; 438 mm. (Folio).
Physical Description NoteLeaves 287-289 and unnumbered leaves [2-8] carry printed text on recto and verso.
Content Format Note[Frontis., t.p.] - Preface - [Text, with illus.] - Table Des Medailles Contenues En Ce Volume; Fautes d'impression.
Summary NoteThis fine example of royal publicity and medal-design is chiefly celebrated for its typography. In 1692 the French Academy of Sciences set up a committee to establish standards for all crafts; as a result of which Jacques Jaugeon produced in 1695 a 'rational' design for letters, in which they all have a perfectly vertical axis and perfectly horizontal, symmetrical serifs, far removed from the more flowing forms of ancient or Renaissance lettering. Philippe Grandjean was commissioned to cut punches based on Jaugeon's designs, and modified them to form the 'roman du roi' first used here.
Responsibility NoteThe frontispiece is signed as drawn by A. Coypel and engraved by Simonneau l'aîné; the portrait of Louis XIV which it incorporates is attributed in the Preface to Rigaud. Although none of the illustrations is signed, the last paragraph of the Preface states that two hundred were drawn by Coypel, the rest by Leclerc, and the borders and fleurons by Berain; that the engravings were by Mauger, Roettiers, Bernard et Roussel, Edelink, the Simonneau brothers, Audran and Picard ('Les connoisseurs distingueront bien le travail des uns & des autres').

It also states that the type was designed and cast by Grandjean - and begins by declaring that M. Anisson has produced the publication, with an accuracy and intelligence worthy of the Manutii and the Etiennes. A note following the Preface reads, 'Par les soins d'Anisson, Directeur de l'Imprimerie Royale'.
SubjectRulers - Monarchs - Publicizing - Public relations - France - History - 17th century
Medals - France - 17th century
Numismatics - France - 18th century
Pictorial works - Typography - France - 18th century
Name as Subject Louis XIV, King of France, 1638 - 1715
ReferencesLa Medaille au temps de Louis XIV, ed. J. Jacquiot [exhibition catalogue] ( 1979). A study of the publicity campaign of Louis XIV is P. Burke, The fabrication of Louis XIV (1992).

On the roman-du-roi type see Le Romain du Roi: la typographie au service de l'état, 1702-2002 [exhibition catalogue] (2002); Mosley, 'French academicians and modern typography: designing new typefaces in the 1690s', in Monotype Conference (Cambridge, 1992); A. Jammes, La Naissance d'un caractère: le Grandjean - la réforme de la typographie royale sous Louis XIV (1961; repr. 1985).
Binding Note18th-century red morocco; upper and lower covers gilt-stamped with fleur-de-lys emblazoning shield encircled by chains of St. Michael and Saint-Esprit within circlet of bay; spine gilt-tooled with Louis's monogram and lettered 'Medailles de Louis Le Grand'.
ProvenanceAcquired by 1802. Recorded in A Catalogue Of The Library In The Royal Academy, London (1802).
Contributors Edelinck, Gérard, 1640 - 1707, engraver
Picart, Bernard, 1673 - 1733, engraver
Simonneau, Charles, 1645 - 1728, engraver
Bignon, Jean Paul, 1662 - 1743
Boileau-Despreaux, Nicolas, 1636 - 1711
Charpentier, François Philippe, 1734 - 1817
Anisson, Jean, 1642? - 1721, printer
Coypel, Antoine, 1661 - 1722, draughtsman
Le Clerc, Sebastien, 1637 - 1714, draughtsman
Berain I, Jean, 1640 - 1711, draughtsman
Mauger, Jean, ca. 1648 - 1722, engraver
Roettiers, Joseph, 1635 - 1703, engraver
Grandjean, Philippe, 1666 - 1714, printer
Jaugeon, Jacques, fl. ca. 1695?
France. Institut de France
France. Imprimerie Nationale. printer
MARC Record view