Carl August, Count Ehrensvärd

Born: 05 May 1745 in Stockholm, Sweden
Died: 21 May 1800
Nationality: Swedish
Biography
Swedish naval officer, draughtsman, neo-classical architect and writer. He was instructed in art by the eminent Swedish watercolour painter, Elias Martin ARA. His naval career was broken off by a trip to Italy (1780-82), which resulted in his producing a series of watercolours and writing Resa til Italien, 1780, 1781, 1782 ('Journey to Italy, 1780, 1781, 1782') and De fria konsters philosophi ('Philosophy of the liberal arts'), both of which were published in 1786. They are among the most important books on art published in Sweden in the 18th-century. They reflected the author's contacts with Neo-classicism throughout Europe, contemporary theories on climate and physiognomy and ideas that constitute an early manifestation of Functionalism.

Influenced by a visit to Paestum, Ehrensvärd made studies of Classical buildings in a Nordic landscape and designs for dockyard buildings at Karlskrona that employ a Greek Doric order of squat proportions. Other works included a series of drawings influenced by English caricature art, parodying the political and moral atrocities of his time. He frequently collaborated with the draughtsman and sculptor Johan Tobias Sergel. He produced a series of wash-drawings entitled Poetens Historia ('History of the poet'), dedicated to the poet Johan Gabriel Oxenstierna, showing a poet and an artist being trained aesthetically and morally so as to be able to create works to equal those of Classical times.

In 1790, he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
 
Works of Art: 38
Books: 1
Archives: 0
Works after

Italian Street Seller (Female)   
Italian Street Seller (Female)
1786
Elias Martin
  

Italian Basket Carrier (Female)   
Italian Basket Carrier (Female)
1786
Elias Martin
  

Italian Basket Carrier (Male)   
Italian Basket Carrier (Male)
1786
Elias Martin
  

Italian Water Carrier   
Italian Water Carrier
1786
Elias Martin
  

Characteristic Faces of Hungarian Men   
Characteristic Faces of Hungarian Men
1786
Elias Martin
  

Characteristic Faces of Italian Men   
Characteristic Faces of Italian Men
1786
Elias Martin
  
 

Characteristic Costume of Italian Peasants   
Characteristic Costume of Italian Peasants
1786
Elias Martin
  

Characteristic Bonnets of Italian Peasant...   
Characteristic Bonnets of Italian Peasant...
1786
Elias Martin
  

Characteristic Faces of Italian Women   
Characteristic Faces of Italian Women
1786
Elias Martin
  

The ruddy faces of Genoese...   
The ruddy faces of Genoese...
1786
Elias Martin
  

Hungarian peasant costume reminiscent of...   
Hungarian peasant costume reminiscent of...
1786
Elias Martin
  

Timber Buildings in the Forests...   
Timber Buildings in the Forests...
1786
Elias Martin
  
 

Peasant costume in mountain region...   
Peasant costume in mountain region...
1786
Elias Martin
  

Peasant costume in border region...   
Peasant costume in border region...
1786
Elias Martin
  

View of Isola Bella, Lake...   
View of Isola Bella, Lake...
1786
Elias Martin
  

Houses at Spoleto   
Houses at Spoleto
1786
Elias Martin
  

Waterfall in the Alps   
Waterfall in the Alps
1786
Elias Martin
  

Landscape on the Road from...   
Landscape on the Road from...
1786
Elias Martin
  
 

Absurd Neapolitan Fashions   
Absurd Neapolitan Fashions
1786
Elias Martin
  

Between Naples and Salerno   
Between Naples and Salerno
1786
Elias Martin
  

View of Salerno   
View of Salerno
1786
Elias Martin
  

View of Mount Etna /...   
View of Mount Etna /...
1786
Elias Martin
  

Stromboli Volcano   
Stromboli Volcano
1786
Elias Martin
  

Scylla   
Scylla
1786
Elias Martin
  
 

Mooring at Messina   
Mooring at Messina
1786
Elias Martin
  

Taormina   
Taormina
1786
Elias Martin
  

Mount Etna   
Mount Etna
1786
Elias Martin
  

Ruins outside Syracuse   
Ruins outside Syracuse
1786
Elias Martin
  

Dionysius's Ear, near Syracuse   
Dionysius's Ear, near Syracuse
1786
Elias Martin
  

On the way to Girgenta   
On the way to Girgenta
1786
Elias Martin
  
 

Hedges of Aloes and Fig...   
Hedges of Aloes and Fig...
1786
Elias Martin
  

A Peasant wearing Old Style...   
A Peasant wearing Old Style...
1786
Elias Martin
  

A Flax Spinner in regional...   
A Flax Spinner in regional...
1786
Elias Martin
  

People from the North love...   
People from the North love...
1786
Elias Martin
  

Peasants in their Scarlet Dresses   
Peasants in their Scarlet Dresses
1786
Elias Martin
  

The Eye loves a wide...   
The Eye loves a wide...
1786
Elias Martin
  
 

All Italy is like a...   
All Italy is like a...
1786
Elias Martin
  

Clouds in the Alps   
Clouds in the Alps
1786
Elias Martin
  

Ehrensvärd, Carl August, Count   Resa Til Italien, 1780, 1781, 1782. Skrifven 1782 I Stralsund. - Stockholm 1786.   
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